team


William F. Martin :: Chairman :: 202.965.1169 :: wmartin@wpainc.com

William F. Martin is an energy economist who has served as Executive Secretary of the National Security Council, Special Assistant to President Ronald Reagan and Deputy Secretary of the US Department of Energy under President Reagan. He is also chairman of the Department of Energy’s Nuclear Energy Advisory Committee and chairman of the Council on Foreign Relation’s Energy Security Group for the past ten years. In 2006, he was elected chairman of the Council of the University for Peace of the United Nations.

Martin was educated at the University of Pennsylvania Wharton School (BS, 1972) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (SM, 1974). His master’s thesis was the basis of an article he published in the Harvard Business Review (“Our Society in 1985: Business may not like it, March 1975”). Following graduation from MIT, he joined the MIT Energy Laboratory as Program Officer for the Workshop on Alternative Energy Strategies. During his four years on the professional research staff of MIT, he co-authored three books, Growth and Its Implications for the Future, (Roundtable Press, 1973), Energy Supply to the Year 2000 (MIT Press, 1977) and Professional Materials for Environmental Management Education (MIT Press, 1975).

Following MIT, Martin was responsible for energy statistics for developing countries at the International Energy Agency (OECD, Paris) and was part of a UN expert group that developed the methodology for reporting United Nations energy statistics. In 1977, he was promoted to special assistant to the Executive Director of IEA, Ulf Lantzke, and served in this capacity for three years during the time of the second oil shock.

Following his four years in Paris, Martin joined the Department of State as Special Assistant to the Under Secretary of State. In 1981, he was transferred to the National Security Council as Director of International Economic Affairs. From l983 to l985, he was appointed Special Assistant to President Ronald Reagan, responsible for the coordination of the President’s international and head of state meetings. Martin also served as the Executive Secretary of the National Security Council before being confirmed by the United States Senate as United States Deputy Secretary of Energy.

Martin joined the Board of the World Resources Institute in 1998 and served as WRI’s Chairman of the Development Committee. In 1997, he was a co-author of a Trilateral Commission study, Maintaining Energy Security in a Global Context. In 1992, he served as the Executive Director of the Republican Platform Committee and co-authored the Committee’s volume, The Shared Vision, Uniting our family, our country, our world (Republican National Committee, 1992).

In 2004, Martin was appointed by the Secretary General of the United Nations to the Council of the University for Peace. He was elected Chairman of the Council of the University for Peace at its October, 2006 meeting. In 1998, Martin co-founded the Robinson-Martin Security Scholars Program at the Prague Security Studies Program that aims to educate Czech students in national security. He is also co-founder of the Club of Prague, a group of internationally prominent scientists, businessmen and scholars devoted to the finding technological solutions and new ways of thinking to meet energy challenges in a sustainable manner. The Club was formed under the auspices of former President Vaclav Havel, Prague Mayor Pavel Bem and Foreign Minister Alexander Vondra.

William Martin Papers

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Senior Staff


Lauren Hughes :: Energy Analyst and Chief Operating Officer  :: 202.965.1196 :: lhughes@wpainc.com

Lauren Hughes is an international relations specialist who joined Washington Policy in 2014. She serves as an energy analyst who contributes to the firm’s consulting and research teams, advising clients on international and domestic activities across a diverse portfolio. Her interests include energy security and development, energy transportation and distribution, the domestic nuclear industry, and the political economy of conflict.  She has also worked with The Enough Project at the Center for American Progress and the International Rescue Committee.

Ms. Hughes holds degrees from the University of Virginia (B.A. in Foreign Affairs, 2008) and the School of Oriental and African Studies (MSc in Violence, Conflict and Development, 2012). Following her education in London, Ms. Hughes obtained a Post-Graduate Certificate in International Conflict Management from the International Peace and Security Institute, in partnership with The Johns Hopkins University Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies. 

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Michihito Watanabe :: Analyst (Energy) :: 202.965.6151 :: mwatanabe@wpainc.com

Michihito Watanabe has been with Washington Policy and Analysis since 2013 and specialized in energy policy, electric power systems and environmental policies in the U.S. and Japan. Watanabe has nearly two decades of experience in responsible positions with the Japanese energy industry. From 2007 to 2009, Watanabe worked for the Institute of Energy Economics, Japan. He researched and monitored international energy issues. Prior to joining WPA., he worked for the Japan Electric Power Information Center and researched U.S. energy policies, environmental issues and deregulation of the energy industry. Watanabe holds a Master’s in Precision Engineering degree from the University of Tokyo

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Kiyohiro Tanaka :: Analyst (Nuclear) :: 202.965.1361 :: ktanaka@wpainc.com

Kiyohiro Tanaka is an analyst who joined Washington Policy and Analysis in 2015. He is specialized in nuclear policy, nuclear fuel cycle and public acceptance in the U.S. and Japan. He has over 15 years of experience in nuclear industry with the Japanese utility company. Prior to joining WPA, he worked for the Kansai Electric Power Co., Inc. and was responsible for managing nuclear fuel contracts especially in backend business. Tanaka holds a degree from Keio University in policy management.

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Charles B. Heck:: Counselor :: 202.965.1161 ext:221:: check@wpainc.com

Charles Heck became a Counselor to Washington Policy & Analysis in 2011, bringing a wealth of experience with leading officials and private citizens in Europe, North America and the Asia-Pacific region. The primary framework for this experience has been the Trilateral Commission, a high-level, policy-oriented, non-governmental, non-partisan group launched in 1973 initially drawing together distinguished citizens from European Union countries, Japan, and the United States and Canada. At the time, the three sides of this “trilateral” commission were conceived of as the three main industrialized democratic areas of the world. A modicum of cooperation among these three areas on a wide range of issues was seen as necessary for the wider international system – a system undergoing fundamental change -- to function successfully. Through its projects and meetings the Trilateral Commission sought to move the broader debate in a cooperative direction and offer proposals for handling the central challenges presented by a changing world.

Charles Heck joined the Trilateral Commission staff in 1974 as Assistant to the Commission’s founding Director, Zbigniew Brzezinski. In 1982, Mr. Heck himself became North American Director of the Commission, serving alongside a European Director in Paris and a Japanese Director in Tokyo. Over time the European side of the Commission was enlarged as the European Union was enlarged, a process that was especially dramatic after the end of the Cold War. The initial Japanese Group has enlarged into the Asia-Pacific Group reflecting the dramatic progress of the broader region in the intervening years. The North American Group that initially included only Canadians and Americans enlarged to include Mexicans Participants from other parts of the world as well now participate in Commission meetings. The North American Chairmen under whom Mr. Heck served as North American Director included David Rockefeller (until 1991) and Paul Volcker (1991-2001). Mr. Heck stepped down as North American Director in 2001, and continues to serve the Commission as Senior Adviser.

Mr. Heck was educated at Oberlin College (A.B., magna cum laude with High Honors in History) and Yale University (M.A. in International Relations, M.Phil. in Political Science). In the years before joining the Trilateral staff, he worked for the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and as a Teaching Associate at Yale. Among Mr. Heck’s activities since stepping down as the Trilateral Commission’s North American Director is service as Visiting Professor of Political Science and then Associate Professor of Global Perspectives and History at Principia College in Elsah, Illinois (2005-09). Mr. Heck is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, American Council on Germany, Japan Society and United Nations Association of the United States.

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